Large Underground Ocean Discovered In China
The Tarim basin is one of the driest regions on Earth but the saltwater hidden below could be equal to the water in all the five great lakes in the US.
The basin has China’s largest desert, the Takla Makan Desert, and is believed to be the world’s second largest-shifting desert.
A team of geologists headed from the Chinese Academy of Sciences’ Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, discovered the large water amount.
“This is a terrifying amount of water,” said Li Yan. With their discovery, Li Yan says, “Our definition of desert may have to change.”
The team believes the underneath water could have drained from nearby mountains which have melted down. They were fortunate to find the water reserves. The team was looking for carbon sinks after learning that carbon dioxide had been disappearing into the basin, without explicit reason. When they compared 200 underground water samples, they found traces of carbon dioxide in the melted water.
Li said the underground water in deserts could be the source where trillion tonnes of “missing carbon” on the planet disappeared in the past millions of years.
Scientists have long been looking for about a billion ton of unaccounted carbon dioxide produced each year from the burning of fossil fossils.
About 11 billion tons of carbon are generated annually; over five billion of these remain in the atmosphere, another three billion is in the ocean and the rest seems to be sequestered in forests. About a billion tons of carbon though could not be accounted for.